2019年高考英语真题及参考答案(北京卷)

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  2019年高考英语真题及参考答案(北京卷)

  2019年北京市高考英语考试逐题解析

  第一部分:知识运用(共两节,45分)

  第一节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,共15分)

  阅读下列短文,根据短文内容填空。在未给提示词的空白处仅填写1个适当的单词,在给出提示词的空白处用括号内所给词的正确形式填空。

  A

  On the first day of my first grade, I stood by the door with butterflies in my stomach。 I (1) ______ (voice) my biggest concern to my mother, “How will I make friends?” She handed me advice, “Be yourself。” For the past 20 years, I have lived by these words。 Soon I will graduate and become part of the real world。 Nervously (2) ______ (face) challenges, I know I will whisper to (3) ______ (I) the two simple words “Be yourself”。

  1。

  [答案] voiced

  [解析] 本题考查时态语态;提示词voice为动词,整句缺少谓语动词,主语I和动词提示词voice为主动关系,翻译成“我表达…”,又因上一句的stood和下一句的handed可以确定空格时态为一般过去时;故正确答案是voiced。

  2。

  [答案] facing

  [解析] 本题考查非谓语动词;提示词face为动词,而本句的谓语动词是know,因此可判定本题需填非谓语动词;而非谓语动词的逻辑主语是I和face之间为主动关系; 又通过翻译“面临着众多挑战,我知道…” 可知,face和know为同时关系;故正确答案是facing。

  3。

  [答案] myself

  [解析] 本题考查代词;根据提示词I和本句 “我会悄声对我自己说…”的语义可知,应填“我自己”;故正确答案是myself。

  B

  Earth Day, (4) ______ (mark) on 22 April, is an annual event aiming to raise public awareness about environmental protection。 First celebrated (5) ______ 1970, the Day now includes events in more than 190 countries and regions (地区)。 No matter what you like to do, there is a way to get involved in various (6) ______ (activity) on Earth Day。 You can plant a tree, make a meal with locally grown vegetables, or save power — the possibilities are endless。

  4。

  [答案] marked

  [解析] 本题考查非谓语动词;提示词mark为动词,而本句谓语动词为is,因此可判定本题需填非谓语动词;mark的逻辑主语为Earth Day,主语和动词mark之间为被动关系,且已完成;故正确答案是marked。

  5。

  [答案] in

  [解析] 本题考查介词;考查“in+年份”,在某年;故正确答案是in。

  6。

  [答案] activities

  [解析] 本题考查名词;提示词activity为名词,通过前面的various“各种各样的”可知,空格应填名词的复数形式;故正确答案是activities。

  C

  Does the name of the college you attend really matter? Research on the question (7) ______ (suggest) that, for most students, it doesn’t。 What students do at college seems to matter much more than (8) ______ they go。 The students benefitting most from college are those (9) ______ are totally engaged (参与) in academic life, taking full advantage of the college’s chances and resources (资源)。 Students should have a proper attitude towards college before thinking about which college to attend, and it’s never too early to make necessary preparations for a healthy and (10) ______ (meaning) college experience。

  7。

  [答案] suggests

  [解析] 本题考查时态语态;提示词suggest为动词,而that之前的主句部分缺少谓语动词,主语research和suggest之间为主动关系,又因前一句的does和本句的doesn’t可确定,时态为一般现在时;主语research后suggest用第三人称单数形式;故正确答案是suggests。

  8。

  [答案] where

  [解析] 本题考查宾语从句;通过本句可以看出,主句than后缺宾语,而从句通过翻译“学生在大学所做的事要比他们去哪儿重要的多”可知缺地点的语义;故正确答案是where。

  9。

  [答案] who

  [解析] 本题考查定语从句;通过本句可以看出,主句完整,而从句不完整,缺主语,因此考查定语从句中的关系代词;通过翻译可知,此处代替的是students,指人;故正确答案是who。

  10。

  [答案] meaningful

  [解析] 本题考查词性转换;根据空格前and并列的形容词healthy,可知空格应填meaning的形容词形式;故正确答案是meaningful。

  第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,共30分)

  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  Regardless of the weather or the distance, Paul Wilson will make sure low-income students in his neighbourhood arrive at their college classes on time。

  A retired engineer, 76-year-old Wilson has been ______ (11) free rides to college students for the past eight years。 Since he first started ______ (12) his car to the young people, Wilson has ______ (13) an astonishing 64,000 miles, and has had countless pleasant and often humorous ______ (14) with the students he transports to and from school。 The students who he’s ______ (15) have gone on to become physicians, teachers and engineers, but what they’ve also got out of their time in school is finding a role model and a friend in Wilson。 Some students ______ (16) call him “Grandpa”。

  Tina Stern ______ (17) rides from Wilson for all her four years in college, and the trips meant much more to her than just free ______ (18)。 “It’s not just a ride; you’re not just sitting there in ______ (19) silence or with your headphones on。” Stern said。 “He asks you questions and actually ______ (20) the answers, so the next time you ride with him, he’ll ______ (21) those things。”

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